Looking back at the magnificent Chinese summer, since Cang Jie made the rope to record things, the boat of writing has been slowly moving forward in the vast and long flow of history. Chinese characters have a long history, the largest system, the most complex structure, and one of the most outstanding forms of writing in the world.
The role that Chinese characters have played in the long history of China can never be replaced by anything else. When studying the history of furniture, those who are attentive will notice the same irreplaceable role in the history of Chinese furniture – the mortise and tenon structure.
Looking at the present society, Chinese characters are gradually missing in people’s lives in various forms, people are gradually losing their understanding of mortise and tenon structure, and traditional furniture is gradually withdrawing from people’s lives for various reasons.
In response to this problem, there is a need for a reasonable and appropriate way to make up for this gap, and the following solutions will be mentioned specifically.
1 Analysis of causes
(1) Reasons for the lack of text.
The current society is the society of informationization, the society of Internet, and more and more people are used to using computer for office and communication. Chinese writing must be alive and must evolve. This requires the text to appear in people’s lives in a new form.
(2) Reasons for the fading out of the mortise and tenon structure from people’s lives.
The mortise and tenon structure is a brilliant point of Chinese tradition, the crystallization of the wisdom of the children of China. But with the introduction of hardware connection, mortise and tenon structure is gradually replaced. The reason for this is that the mortise and tenon structure is not known to the public, and some of the mortise and tenon structure, although exquisite workmanship, is difficult for non-insiders to do.
(3) The reasons for the withdrawal of traditional furniture from people’s lives.
① traditional furniture only meet the aesthetic and concept of the time, does not meet the aesthetic requirements of modern people.
② expensive solid wood cost, some people have more than enough heart.
③ does not have the flexibility and versatility required by modern society, rigid and stagnant.
2 Chinese character furniture of mortise and tenon structure with reconstructed bamboo as carrier
2.1 Reasons for modularizing the mortise and tenon structure
The modularization of the characters and mortise and tenon structure makes it possible to achieve the mass production required by the current industrial society, and at the same time gives it special flexibility and versatility. Chinese characters generally consist of a combination of horizontal and vertical dots and hooks. According to this feature, the basic strokes are simplified and the elements are extracted to make them meet the aesthetic requirements of modern people for simplicity and comfort, while ensuring the integrity and recognition of the characters.
The simplicity and clarity of the mortise and tenon structure help people understand the essence of mortise and tenon structure. The disassemblability of mortise and tenon construction allows for a high degree of flexibility and versatility in furniture.
Expensive but non-renewable solid wood can meet people’s aesthetic needs, but it cannot be used by more people. Based on current domestic and international technology and new resources, we know that the research and development of reconstituted bamboo can solve this problem to some extent. The performance of reconstituted bamboo is comparable to that of solid wood, and its texture pattern is in line with the simplicity and beauty that people demand today.
The outstanding advantages of recombinant bamboo technology are: high utilization rate of raw materials, complete change of the original properties of bamboo, excellent mechanical properties, large changes in physical properties, the product can be widely used in indoor and outdoor flooring, furniture, building structure and decoration materials, as well as wind power paddles and other high-strength material needs.
2.2 Combination of mortise and tenon components
The reassembled bamboo is the carrier of the mortise and tenon structure, absorbing the good characteristics of the mortise and tenon structure, and improving it to become an independent, disassembled and assembled part, abandoning the disadvantage that most of the traditional mortise and tenon structure can not be disassembled separately, with flexibility and versatility. This method makes the case or table not loose and sway due to age, and the greater the pressure, the stronger it becomes.
Users can assemble their own font furniture according to their preferences, breaking the rigidity of traditional furniture. At the same time the reassembled bamboo as the carrier of the mortise and tenon structure, cleverly avoiding the solid wood is expensive this point, so that the combination of splicing composition of furniture can be widely used.
In order to meet the needs of human body, make the process more comfortable, and consider the psychological impact of the structure on the user, the reorganized bamboo carrier mortise and tenon structure has strict rules on the length, width and height of each member.
The shelf shown in Figure 3 is the characteristic “concave” character in Chinese characters and its counterpart is the “convex” shelf. The two components used are corner diao, flat joint diao, as well as short board falcon and long board falcon.
Both “concave” and “convex” shelves use the same components and the same number of parts, but they can be put together in different ways to create different forms.
The “He” shelf shown in Figure 4 is combined with the wall, reflecting the Chinese character and the Chinese spirit of harmony on the shelf. For example, the left upper part of the skewer in the character “和” is simplified to a horizontal and replaced by a short board falcon. This simplification is a prerequisite for modern design based on industrialization.
2.3 The color scheme of the reorganized bamboo mortise and tenon Chinese furniture
The first impression of a piece of furniture is the color, which can evoke people’s emotion and has certain emotional expression. The color of the furniture is the color of the bamboo itself. The use of primary colors can bring people closer to nature and give users a good psychological experience.
The Chinese character furniture with mortise and tenon structure made of reconstituted bamboo is a new development of Chinese characters in daily life, with Chinese characteristics hidden in it, a design with Chinese cultural heritage. It is a design that is both rational and sensual, reminding the user of the long-standing Chinese culture and contributing to the international spread of Chinese characters.